Are fossil fuels renewable or non-renewable? Experiments show how the earth “cooked” (heat and pressure) ancient plant and animal life to create fossil fuels. Create info graphics about geologic time and the rock cycle.
Is crude oil and natural gas found in large lakes underneath the earth’s surface? Experiments show how crude oil and natural gas are trapped in porous rocks. Create 2D and 3D rock models to demonstrate porosity and permeability.
How do we find these valuable fossil fuels? Use contour mapping to look below the earth’s surface and “see” rock formations. Create models and calibrate measurements using blank grids.
How do we recover crude oil and natural gas? Use engineering design to create two models: a weight-bearing derrick and a working oil well applying principles related to porosity, permeability and flow of fluids to the surface.
What happens to crude oil and natural gas once it is produced? How is it transported? Create a model pipeline and pipeline “pig” and apply principles of force, motion, velocity and engineering design.
How are crude oil and natural gas liquids (NGLs) transformed into useful products? Use the chemistry distillation procedure to demonstrate the refining process. Follow lab safety procedures, collect data and understand the industry applications.
What other products besides transportation fuels are made from crude oil and natural gas? Explore a few of the 6,000 petroleum-based products. Design and implement a materials test for different petrochemical-based fabrics.